The best casinos in the world

Let’s start by talking about the most luxurious places. The top 3 world casinos include: Interesting:

In Bellagio – the most unique fountains. They are called the “magic dance of water”. In addition to the unique technological process, thanks to which the fountains “dance”, they are equipped with special lighting made of 4 thousand LED lamps.

  • Bellagio in Las Vegas is a whole gambling complex, occupying one floor. It has over 2,000 slot machines, 40 poker tables, a separate blackjack and roulette room. The minimum bet in roulette is $25. In this casino you can make a good cash – from $100 thousand to $2 million.
  • Marina Bay Sands in Singapore has no similar complex. It consists of three towers connected from above by the largest outdoor pool in the world. More than $8 billion has been spent on the project. This architectural creation is among the top expensive buildings under the casino. Marina Bay has more than 0.5 thousand gaming tables, 1.6 thousand slot machines. The total area of the gambling zone is 13 thousand m².
  • Venetian, located in Macao, is the largest gambling establishment in Asia. Its area is more than 50 thousand m². On the territory of the complex there are Venetian sights, bell towers and canals, through which gondolas float. The casino is divided into separate rooms. Each of them has its own name. The last names are given in honor of Asian cities.

The secret of the casino game

We’ll start the review with roulette, because this is the gambling was popular thousands of years ago. Secrets have been shrouded in roulette since it appeared. Still no exact data on how and when it appeared, who was its creator and the first players.

Viva Las Vegas

Some researchers link the emergence of roulette to Bernabé Pascal. He is known not only for his mathematical achievements, but also for scientific works that prove the existence of God and the parallel world.

There are many rumors about playing roulette, there are many myths, as well as the number of the Devil – 666. It is interesting, but the sum of all values on roulette cells is equal to this value.

It is commonly believed that the casino was born in the XIX century, but according to some reports, its “prototype” was created in the distant XII century in China. At that time, gambling was not as popular as it is today, and everyone was playing the only entertainment – dominoes. This type of game is considered the first step in the development of the gambling industry.

Gambling

How to attract customers in casinos?

The current owners of gambling establishments are doing everything to keep their customers. Stocks, bonuses, gifts, lotteries – operators are exhausted, working together with the best marketing companies. In addition to awards for customers, casino owners carefully consider the interior and design of the gaming house.

The vast majority of casinos have neither windows nor wall clocks inside. Thanks to this, a player, getting into such a place, simply loses track of time and can spend the night away at a table of roulette, poker or slot m

achine.Of course, such a protracted game contributes to the fact that customers leave in the casino whole fortune. And if before some institutions could decide on a frank stem over such losers, today they can be awarded significant privileges. Like, for example, a loyalty card or introduction to the customer loyalty program.

Roulette with man

Why is the casino always a winner?

At the casino it doesn’t matter if it’s luck or luck. Gambling owners create the conditions for new customers, in which they win. Enjoying the taste of victory, they can no longer stop. It is done only so that today the newcomer who has won in full came tomorrow and left the stray money where he took.

No one will like it if the casino client remains on the plus side. In this case, the casino’s security team is involved. Tracking such lucky guys is simple: in the institution are located throughout the surveillance cameras. They can closely monitor the game of the lucky man or any other client.

Moreover, there are currently cameras equipped with special sensors. They recognize human emotions – from the expansion of pupils (most often in the adrenaline rush, overexcitation) to a bluff (with active forehead, interbrow trough, the outer corners of the eyes). So if you have been calculated, they will not leave you alone anymore.

The casino is built to disorient the client. You’ll never come to the casino and see the casino right away. In order to exchange currency for chips, you’ll have to go through an entire gambling room full of sparkling lights. More often than not, the client is simply unable to walk to the casino: he stops if not in front of each slot, then through one slot and eventually tries to play.

Gambling slot machine

Alcohol in the casino

Oxygen is added to the alcohol. It is done so that the client does not feel tired and sleepy. This “know-how” began to be applied after a person had been playing in one institution for more than 24 hours. Since then, oxygen in alcohol is mandatory. Moreover, in the morning, oxygen is released into the ventilation of the building.

The floors of any casino are carpeted. This is done to ensure that people passing by do not in any way detach the client from the gameplay. Especially we are talking about the staff, waitresses in heels, who constantly move around the hall, handing out free drinks.

Asia casino

Blacklist of players

There are professional players in every casino. As they appear in a particular venue, they are tracked and blacklisted.

The professional selects a gambling house with the most favorable conditions. For starters, he plays at small casinos, honing his skills there. After that, he switches to a bigger casino.

Professional players create hint beacons that allow them to win solid money. For example, the card on the side of the shirt is marked with his fingernails. It can be placed anywhere on the playlist and means exactly what the card is.

Casino games do keep a lot of secrets. Each gambling house has its own chips that are applied to customers. In turn, guests have their own tricks, how to cheat the casino and win the crazy money.

d significant privileges. Like, for example, a loyalty card or introduction to the customer loyalty program.

Why is the casino always a winner?

At the casino it doesn’t matter if it’s luck or luck. Gambling owners create the conditions for new customers, in which they win. Enjoying the taste of victory, they can no longer stop. It is done only so that today the newcomer who has won in full came tomorrow and left the stray money where he took.

No one will like it if the casino client remains on the plus side. In this case, the casino’s security team is involved. Tracking such lucky guys is simple: in the institution are located throughout the surveillance cameras. They can closely monitor the game of the lucky man or any other client.

Moreover, there are currently cameras equipped with special sensors. They recognize human emotions – from the expansion of pupils (most often in the adrenaline rush, overexcitation) to a bluff (with active forehead, interbrow trough, the outer corners of the eyes). So if you have been calculated, they will not leave you alone anymore.

The casino is built to disorient the client. You’ll never come to the casino and see the casino right away. In order to exchange currency for chips, you’ll have to go through an entire gambling room full of sparkling lights. More often than not, the client is simply unable to walk to the casino: he stops if not in front of every slot, then through one slot and eventually tries to play.

Alcohol in the casino

How do they keep track of the casino players?(Part 2)

How do they keep track of the casino players?(Part 2)

Smile! You are being watched: Best surveillance techniques

Gambling establishments in Las Vegas can be seen as incubators where the most advanced methods of customer surveillance are maturing. The spy gear used in this “City of Sin” is a role model for the rest of the business world, from governments to banks.

Control .

In many gambling establishments, the administration will know who you are before you even open the front door. For example, in the parking lots of Mirage Casino, every time you enter a car, the cameras read its license plate. These photos are then entered into pattern recognition software. If your license plate appears in the files on unwanted guests, security will return your car keys and ask you to look for luck somewhere else.

And outside of Las Vegas?

License plate scanners are now being mass-produced by police patrol cars. That’s how they manage to pick up suspicious cars from the general stream.

Thousands of cameras built into ceilings cover 80% of the casino area. Video processors automatically record suspicious situations throughout the room (crowds of people in unusual places, left unattended bags) and on gambling tables (croupier errors, cheating customers).

Using the same systems, potentially dangerous passenger behaviour is detected at airports. In retail chains such as, say, Best Buy, such systems monitor customer traffic and collect statistical information on customer behavior.

When you sit down at a gambling table, you find yourself in the spotlight of several tracking systems. Invisible barcode cards prevent cheaters from turning around, suspicious link detection programs (NORAs) check if you are in collusion with croupiers, analytical programs assess your talents and skill.

NORA was designed specifically for gambling establishments, but is now also used by the Department of Homeland Security to identify links between terrorism suspects. Banks and insurance companies use NORA to monitor the relationship between their customers.

RFID .

They say you can hear the money talking in Las Vegas. But if you convert your money into game chips, they’ll talk in an inaudible language of digital codes. Some venues are embedding tiny radio frequency transceivers into the chips, giving you extra protection against counterfeiting and the ability to rebalance your money in real time.

Miniature RFID microchips have spread everywhere, with millions of people carrying them everywhere – a company pass, a contactless credit card, a single ticket to a toll road.

Computerized slot machines, managed from a single server, allow casino administrations to lock bets and replace games. If a client uses his “player card”, the system can track and summarize the nature of his game, setting a specific slot machine optimal for the institution of reactions.

All slot machines operate on the basis of a rather complex algorithm – “random number generator”. The same principles are also applicable in advanced areas of cryptography, when it is necessary to encrypt information related to state secrets.

The cashier’s window is the last line of defense against those who try to take advantage of the casino. If the automated scanner that checks your documents feels bad, it will raise an alarm before the cashier starts transferring winnings to your credit card. Neither the intruder nor the cashier will even have time to blink an eye as the security team rings the bell.

Real-time document verification scanners are used for automatic passport control at border posts, banks and nightclubs.

It was no coincidence

Loss of symbols in slot machines, the behavior of the ball of virtual roulette, the order of cards – all this depends on the random number generator. But is it only from it? Practice shows that even a casino with integrity control md5 interfere with his work. The secrets of the casino lie in the fact that even reputable European institutions give advantages to large players, especially if they have already lost a serious enough amount. This doesn’t mean that a small depositor has no chance of a serious win, just a big player has a slightly higher chance. Read more in this article how NetEnt classifies players.

How do they keep track of the casino players? Part (1)

How do they keep track of the casino players? Part (1)

Two o’clock in the afternoon, however, in a bunker-like surveillance room hanging 28 monitors on the walls show that not all the public has gone home, and in a casino of 10,000 m² some movement is visible. A security officer at the Mirage Resort (hereinafter referred to as Tom) connects to the system and starts checking the records left over from the night shift. Using a joystick, keyboard and three monitors on the table, he scrolls through the records from thousands of ceiling-mounted cameras – all of which looks like a walk through a huge gaming hall above the heads of unsuspecting players.

In board games, Tom is a specialist. He starts by taking a close look at a few poker players, then switches to a table where he plays moderate blackjack bets. A quick glance at the table where dice are played with passion. Nothing suspicious so far, but baccarat in the high limit room attracts his attention. Bets here start at $100. Here’s a young Asian man in a white suit who’s got a strange hold on his hands. Sometimes he covers the cards lying in front of him with his hands, then relaxently puts his hands on the table, but one hand slides on the lapel of his jacket…

Like many other players in Las Vegas, this gentleman presented his “player card” to the croupier, a kind of client discount card, before entering the game. With these cards, the casino keeps an eye on his customers’ game and, if necessary, encourages them with additional benefits (put enough money on the line and you’ll have a luxury villa with your own butler by the evening, if you’re lucky). With this card you can find out almost everything about the client – his name, date of birth, address, the amounts won and lost during previous visits, and much more.

Tom looks through the list of winnings of this client in a long retrospective and finds out that he is a chronic loser. It would seem that such a record would have to clear the client of any suspicions. However, Tom, trusting his intuition, turns to an internal search engine and displays a list of all the players and croupiers with whom our suspect had to intersect under the roof of this casino. One of the names pops up suspiciously often – it’s a very lucky player and also an Asian. He’s already lost hundreds of thousands of dollars to his partners during this visit. Yeah, yeah, there he is, at the same table as our friend.

Not an hour goes by when Tom picks up the phone. Now he’s convinced the guy in the white suit isn’t just rubbing his lapel, he’s sticking his fingers somewhere behind the lining. In the course of the game, he replaces the cards, which is called “hand picking”. The baccarat rules allow players to take sides with another player or croupier if they wish. Based on this logic, a criminal couple plays the game in such a way that the “white suit” constantly loses small amounts, while his accomplice puts the casino on a big score. People write a lot about casinos, but this situation is completely crazy.

When a winning cheat tries to cash out his chips, he gets a security guard right at the casino. Meanwhile, other guards invite his accomplice to leave the card table. The cheater breaks out, falls to his knees and hurries to swallow the card he recently put in his jacket. It seems to him that he has destroyed all the evidence, but – alas! – the digital cameras on the casino ceiling have tracked down his criminal activities.

All baccarat tables are now equipped with a special angel’s eye system. In games where several decks are used, cards are kept in a special plastic trough, reinforced on the table. Now this trough is equipped with a disguised scanner that constantly reads barcodes from cards, invisible to the ordinary eye. “Angel’s eye” captures all the cards as they come into the game and immediately passes this information to the dealer, so if any player decides to change the card, the dealer at the same time learns about it. Thanks to this scanner, all the “hand pickers” are immediately out of work.

When you enter any major casino in Las Vegas, you’re immediately caught by a computer system built specifically to learn all about you – your attitude to money, gaming habits and even your culinary tastes. Cameras track your every move, computer programs comprehend your way of playing, and specialized analytic and prognostic systems calculate how interesting you are to the casino in the long term.

According to Dave Shepherd, former executive director of security at the Venetian Resort Hotel casino, Las Vegas can be seen as an ideal testing ground for the latest security systems and tracking equipment, which will later find application on the stock exchange, in airports, trading halls and government agencies.

“Gaming houses attract the most talented cryptographers, computer security and game theory experts,” said John Pironty, chief risk and information officer at Archer Technologies, who’s in charge of data protection. – They feel very vulnerable, so they won’t be stingy, strengthening their defence.”

The gambling business is riddled with control systems. The presence of a vigilant eye here is not only objectionable, but in many cases is simply mandatory. On the other hand, some human rights defenders express concern that many services are operating in secrecy here. “By what right do gambling houses have secret files on their best customers? – asks Mark Rotenberg, Executive Director of the Information Centre for the Protection of Privacy against Electronic Interference (EPIC). – People need to know what information gambling house services collect about them”.

Digital data is stored almost forever, sophisticated surveillance tools are spreading everywhere. A program that today is analyzing your card table tactics can tomorrow assess your performance in the workplace.

From the moment you take out your “player card” and make your first bet, the casino keeps an eye on you. “Information about this financial transaction goes straight to the sorting system,” said David Norton, head of marketing at Harrah’s Entertaiment. The easiest way to link modern slot machines to a data processing system is to connect them. Almost all slot machines now have an integrated control processor. However, until recently, they were a “thing in itself”. For any changeover the operator had to stop the game, open the body of the machine and pick up its mounting boards. It’s different now. Casino Mirage will soon open a subsidiary, where all the slot machines will be tied to a single server. In other words, all the one-armed thugs in this establishment will be managed from a single center, so that the management can change their programs just by clicking the keys. This way it will be possible to replace existing games and rules, bets and restrictions, tracking the situation and customer behavior. If a guest arrives in town hoping to watch the national rodeo finale, it will be possible to upload a program on the game machine. The machine will be able to notify the client about the inclusion of any other attractions or tell him the schedule of the nearest events that interest him. The machine will even wish him a happy birthday.

This kind of attention to your person may even flatter you – but only as long as the institution considers you a welcome guest. In the casino Venetian Resort Hotel special programs allow you to enter into the search engine description of the appearance of the suspect villain (say, mustache, tattoo on the wrists and the manner of spinning around the tables with roulette). If you find a match of the features with the database, the screen will show the portrait of the unwanted guest, and at the same time all his passport data.

According to EPIC representative Rothenberg, if any industry accumulates an excessive amount of information about customers, there is always reason to fear serious leaks. He advises to pay special attention to the fact that security services in competing establishments often exchange such information.

Mania pursuit – a state quite natural for many visitors to the casino. To do this, it is enough to realize how many cameras are tracking your every move, what data volumes settle in their databases. It would be useful to remember – the same services that protect the interests of the institution, at some point may stand up and protect your security. The casino is an attractive place for pickpockets. You bet – there’s a rich public wandering the halls. Their hands are full of glasses and cocktails and their jacket pockets are full of thousands of dollars. Reliable programs track information from video cameras, highlighting suspicious moments – for example, a stranger hiding on the stairs, or a lady’s purse, which is too long on the table without supervision.

The most advanced tracking system is organized at blackjack tables at Barona Resort & Casino (Southern California). The administration of this place is brave enough to test the latest approaches. Here is the TableEye21 system, developed by Canadian computer scientist Prem Gururadjan. It assesses players’ qualifications and ranks them by character and success.

The TableEye21 system uses ceiling-mounted video cameras and an analytical software package. The information also comes from the chips, each of which has an RFID microchip embedded in it. The system quickly identifies dishonest players and those who use legitimate tactics – counting the cards that come out and watching closely as the croupier shuffles the deck, which allows you to predict when the right cards will follow. Soon TableEye21 system will be launched in many gambling establishments in Las Vegas, security services are looking forward to it.

Sometimes in their surveillance, gambling establishments go too far. A few years ago the MindPlay control system appeared on the market. 14 miniature photo cameras

14 miniature cameras took pictures of the cards in the order they were taken out of the trough on the blackjack table. The processor analyzed the sequence and notified the croupier in real time whether the cards were “cold” or “hot”. In other words, the dealer knew whether the layout of the remaining cards was advantageous to other players. “If anything, the croupier could claim,” says security veteran Arnie Rothstein, “that the time had come to shuffle the deck again. Players found out about this trick and filed a complaint with the service overseeing the gambling business. Now, according to the developer of this system, it is no longer used anywhere else.

Of course, there is no gambling in the world that is fully protected from fraud. All the technical tricks described here – just another level of this age-old game of cat and mouse.